Steel and Metals /Details:                        

The STEEL and METALS Industry is considered a "Heavy Industry".

Steel can be manufactured either in a fully integrated plant or in a mini-mill.  In either case, these plants use some of the largest and most complex electrical, mechanical, and environmental controls seen in any industry.

Causey has credentialed Associates who have experience in technical, operational, and business aspects of the steel industry --- both behind the desk and out in the plant. We know what goes on inside the gate, how work gets done, what documentation exists, and how to understand and explain it. Causey’s extensive knowledge and experience in the steel industry is available now in a person trained in Forensic Engineering work to support your case.

Aerial view:

This aerial view shows the size and complexity of an integrated steel plant.  Coal, iron ore, and limestone are used to manufacture steel coils that end up as automobile panels and numerous other durable products.




Submarine Car:

This submarine car is used to transpost molten iron within an integrated steel plant.




Oxygen Furnace:

A Basic Oxygen Furnace (BOF) refines molten iron into molten steel.  Scrap metal and various alloys are added to refine the steel to the exact metallurgy needed for its end use.


Rolling Steel:


This 80" continuous hot strip rolling mill reduces a 12 inch thick slab into 1/8" thick light flat rolled steel.  The finished product is a coil up to 1.5 miles long.  Variable speed drives totaling thousands of horsepower form the heart of the complicated control systems that coil the steel at speeds up to 30 mph (miles per hour).


Coiled Steel:

These "work in process" coils in a cold rolling facility undergo numerous processes including pickling, cold reduction, annealing, tempering, and galvanizing.  After processing, the coils are shipped to automobile makers, appliance manufacturers, and many other types of end users.